From the beginning of time, the man used the hands to relieve, look and cure. This is the way one of the first references of the manual medicine is already in ancient Egypt, in a fresco of the grave of the Pharaoh Ramses II (on 1300 BC).
Famous doctors of the Antiquity such Hippocrates improved then the practice of the manipulations.
For unknowen reasons, the Middle Ages live to disappear these practices of the official therapeutic arsenal, practices which had nevertheless showed their power through centuries..
This " medicine by hands " will survive nevertheless in Europe in secret, in a empirical way, by oral transmission, from master to pupil, before re-appearing enriched in the end of the XIXth century in the United States.
The real founder of the osteopathy is Dr Andrew Taylor Still, been born in 1828 to Jonesville, in Virginia.
The failures of the medicine at that time brought him to envisage an alternative medicine.
He improved the manipulations thanks to his big knowledge of the anatomy and the modern physiology.
He invented, in 1874, the term of osteopathy -osteon (bone) and pathos (pathology) in Greek to baptize his original method of treatment.
He created the first school of osteopathy in 1892.
Dr Still died in 1917.
At the beginning of the XXth century, the osteopathy grew rich of new methods of treatment such as the cranial osteopathy and the visceral osteopathy.
Nevertheless, it is especially necessary to wait for years ' 60 so that the osteopathy begins little by little to be recognized and integrated into the system of care. After several bills which will not succeed, the profession is legally recognized in 2002.
The body is a whole, every structure is connected with the others by multiple elements of connection, the anatomical or functional. Bones, muscles, fascias, viscera, vessels and nerves interact permanently.
As soon as a structure of the body presents a disturbance in its functioning, it rings on the functioning of structures situated at a distance by means of these elements of connection.The RELATION STRUCTURE-FUNCTION
The structures of the body and the functions which they have to fill are interdependent. As soon as a structure which makes up the human body begins to lose of the mobility, the function which it is supposed to fill is disrupted, decreased, pulling a functional disorder.THE AUTO-REGULATION
The human body possesses powerful capacities of automobile cure. He holds in him all the necessary means to eliminate or dyke the diseases. The osteopathy restores in the body its capacities of autoregulation by eliminating the structural dams which put obstacles to the free regulation of the nerve impulse and the blood.THE LAW OF THE ARTERY
Cells must be able to regenerate and get rid of their waste. For that purpose, the blood, the lymph, in brief, all the liquids of the body, have to have to have to circulate freely. It is the movement which facilitates the routing of liquids in tissues, so favoring the regeneration of cells.
The osteopathic dysfunction is a mechanical and physiological reaction of a structure of the body in answer to an aggression: disorder(confusion) of the posture, the trauma, the repeated efforts, the disease, the stress psychology emotional or environmental factors (bad nutrition, unhealthy lifestyle, pollution). It comes along inexorably with a limitation of mobility of the concerned structure.
By the link of the tissular correlations, this limitation of mobility will ring remotely on one or several structures. The body will then try to adapt itself at best by means of a rééquilibration of its structure (mechanical reaction at the level of the articulations) and/or of a modification of its functions.
When these mechanisms of regulation are exceeded, the body décompense little by little, the functional disorder continues. The functional disorder can be then at the origin of a disease which will declare itself later. The action of the osteopath is by curative and also preventive consequence.
The persistent muscle spasm and the shrinkage of the fascia will activate a set of clinical signs sometimes hardly taken away from the lesion of departure.
Pour avoir une action valable sur votre problème, l'ostéopathe, par sa vision globale de la personne, ne s'en tiendra pas à un traitement local mais il devra rechercher et traiter la cause lésionnelle.
After a complete interrogation, a meticulous observation of the posture and the in-depth study of the radiological and biological examinations of the patient, the osteopath begins the clinical examination. He studies exactly the various mobilities of the body within bones, muscles, tendons, or viscera.
Thanks to tests palpatoires specific, the osteopath determines then the zones of the body which present limitations of mobility susceptible to alter the functioning tissular and to create secondarily diseases. Hands pulled by the osteopath look for, detect and ré-harmonize all the structures restricted in their mobility.The osteopathic treatment logically follows upon the examination.
The osteopath chooses the most comfortable and best adapted technique as every patient according to the private hospital, to his age and to her morphology.
Consisted essentially of manual techniques, the treatment will thus aim at rebalancing the biomechanical disorders following the composed diagnosis beforehand. A new examination of evaluation at the end of treatment will follow itself, to appreciate the effect of this one.After the session
The principle of the osteopathic care is to respect the capacity of your body to find its balance by itself.
During a session, the osteopath raises the blockings which are too important so that the strengths of autoregulation of the body are enough to balance them.
After the treatment, the body has to make its work of regulation and therefore, the results of a session notice after a few days or a few weeks. The sessions of osteopathy are thus usually spaced out to leave the time in the body of the patient to adapt itself to his new marks to find her balance.Response times: The first 2 or 3 days:
The tense zones loosen and can give sensations of aches. He can sometimes have there a temporary exaggeration of the functional disorders (eg: increase of a pain of back or a gastric ebb).
These reactions are normal from the moment they are of duration lower at 48 hour.The 4th or 5th day:
The body finds its balance following the session, the brought improvements can be noticed from this moment. It is the good time to inform your osteopath of the results of the session if he asked to you for it.The next 2 weeks:
The body is going to continue to modify its balance until stabilize in a state which will be the real result of the session.
If the improvement for your disorder was only a passenger, or is incomplete, it is the good moment to take back appointment.
Indeed, when the body is not still well stabilized and not balanced, it tends to come back to its original state at the end of 5 in 6 weeks from the session.
It explains that your osteopath will advise to you to make 2 for 3 sessions even if your pain or embarrassment disappeared from the first session, to make sure that the body is perfectly stabilized.In these conditions, you can expect to keep a long-lasting profit of your osteopathic care. Namely:
During the treatment of a hot issue, it is necessary between 1 and 3 sessions to restore a balance in the body. We often manage to relieve the problem during the first two sessions, but it is necessary to balance well the body so that there is no second recurrence.
For a chronic problem, the number of sessions depends on reactions of the body of the patient. Your osteopath will propose you a therapeutic strategy and an action plan. If your problem is former or complex, the osteopath can need more sessions. So, it is important not to wait too long before consulting.
The gap between two consecutive sessions can go of a few days in a month according to the made work, it is on average of two weeks.
In a preventive optics, your osteopath will suggest you seeing again each other between 1 and 3 times a year to maintain your state
The osteopath has a wide choice of techniques allowing him to adapt itself to very numerous clinical situations.
The extreme sweetness of certain techniques makes that there are almost no contraindications in the practice of the osteopathy.
Techniques in osteopathy can be divided into three big groups: structural, cranial and visceral.Structural osteopathy The most known, it is the one of the vertebral lesion, that of the loss of mobility between two vertebras.
It makes hot issues (sciatica for example) or chronic diseases. The ostéo-articular system establishes the skeleton of the body, it includes the members, the pond and the vertebral column.
Vertebras train the protective conduit of the marrow (which is the continuation of the brain) and where from leave the motor, sensory and nice nerves. Any disturbance in the long run pulls infiltrations, inflammations and fibroses.
The vertebral blocking associated with the muscular cramp pulls a compression of a nerve, a ganglion, the contribution of blood decreases (law of the artery), the cellular nutrition is slowed down, waste stagnates and the chronic troubles appear (sour stomachs, anxiety attacks, migraines, lumbagoes).
The manipulation restores the mobility, puts an end to the muscular cramp and normalizes the cellular exchanges.
The normalization of the peripheral articulations and the pond is also of a major importance because their blocking will ring on the posture and the dynamic balance of the body.Cranial osteopathy History of the cranial concept in osteopathy
When the creator of the osteopathy, Andrew Taylor Still, described the principles and the concepts of the osteopathic practice, he wished that the principles of his(her,its) therapy can adapt themselves to any part of the body.
The osteopathy is above all based on an exhaustive knowledge of the anatomy, the physiology and the pathology of the human body.
Still, besides describing the osteopathic concepts, spent numerous years to teach all these fundamental sciences to her students and to refine them. One of her students,William Garner Sutherland, a day intrigued by an osseous skull was which Still had displayed in the school. He noticed that on its sides, at the level of the temporal bone, a cranial suture looked like the gills of a fish, which are mobile. Yet a skull was considered motionless.Structures and functions in play
20 years of anatomical and practical research in will have be needed WG Sutherland to describe the foundations of a cranial mechanics. He quite spent the rest of his/her life to work and to refine this concept of an anatomical and mechanical point of view, but especially to integrate him perfectly into the osteopathy which taught Still.
The skull consists of 22 bones, all connected enter they by sutures, which are zones of connections similar to joints, containing vessels, nerves, and elastic fabrics. They have a natural tendency to ossify with the growth. They are zones of possible movement for the bones of the skull. There is also a very important anatomical peculiarity at the level of the skull, it is the presence of the hard mother, the fibrous tissue which is solidly attached inside the skull, which hides the vertebral channel(canal) and goes on up to the sacrum. It is a part of brains.
In the cranial mechanics described by Sutherland and brought back by Magoun, the expansions of the hard mother, whom we name "forgery" because of their form, have a role of ligament.
Sutherland names them " Membranes of Mutual Tension (MTR).Diagnostic modes
The osteopath working in the cranial field, is going to use her fine palpation to perceive the conformations that tissues of the skull would have been able to set: skin, tissues under cutaneous, plasticity of the bone, the elasticity of tissues.
His(Her,Its) very fine knowledge of the anatomical details of this set(group) allows him, through a superficial perception, to interpret what could take place in depth. So a tension of the MTR, playing their role of ligament, is going to limit the bones on which it fastens in their elasticity and freedom of movement.How does the cranial osteopathy act?
By using the osteopathic principles of exaggeration of the dysfunction or direct correction, the osteopath, through soft, precise, sensitive pressures, is going to allow the body to find her balance, to to take back consciousness of a zone become dumb further to a trauma.
The cranial osteopathy is not a kind of osteopathy, it is simply a natural continuation of the global osteopathic approach to the body. His specificities are only due to the peculiarities anatomo-pathologists of the crânio-facial massif.
It is not that a work on the bones of the skull or their movement, it aims at restoring a harmonious balance of tensions between all osseous, meningeal, muscular, facial structures.
It is very often used for the infants and the babies who underwent important constraints during the childbirth.
It allows a return the faster health, in parallel with a medical coverage in the pathologies such as neuralgia of the cranial nerves (facial, of the triplet), sinusitis, dental, orthodontic and shady problems ENT, cranial, shady deformations of the gulp, the suction, the headaches, the migraines, …Visceral ostheopathy
In osteopathy, viscera are not differently considered from an articulation. THURE BRANDT et STAPFER, who were not osteopaths, described the first operations. This discipline especially developed in France.
The good function of an internal organ is connected to its physiological mobility, to its good vascularization and to its correct innervation. Viscera are suspended from the osseous and muscular structures. A visceral passive set is essential otherwise adhesions build up themselves. A bad visceral mobility causes a bad veino-lymphatic drainage, a dysfunction of the visceral innervation and the péristaltisme. The gravity pulls any kind of pathologies (the cardiac movement repeats 100.000 times a day, the diaphragm 20.000 times a day). All this system is under the dependence of the sympathetic nervous system which reacts particularly to the stress, to the feelings, to the enjoyments, to the sorrows. Every internal organ corresponds to a vertebral floor.
The visceral sphere is a zone of preference to adjust numerous functional disorders, problems of back, breath …Principles of osteopathy in the visceral sphere
All the organs and the viscera of the body are in connection with the thoracic diaphragm, which is an extremely powerful muscle. They all undergo the drive or the push printed by the diaphragm during the breath.
These organs are also attached by ligaments to the vertebral column, to the diaphragm, enter they.
The autonomous or vegetative nervous, said system, finds one of its main functions, in the innervation of the skull and the visceral sphere, in particular via the pneumo-gastric nerve there, says 'vagus nerve' (or X).
This neurological aspect is of a big interest for the disorders of the vertebral column, because the autonomous nervous system balances itself as a balance: a tray corresponds to the system orthosympathique governed by the column, and the other one by the crânio-visceral parasympathetic system.Aaction modes : There are several possible modes of action:
- Rebalance the visceral ligaments to favor the good balance of organs with regard to their point of attachment
- Work their movement with regard to the permanent massage which applies them the diaphragm
- Work directly at the level of the very organ, on its parenchyme; it can influence on the function (for a gland for example)
- To work on the balance between a coast, a vertebra, and one or several organs which would have an innervation in common
The patients speak about a sensation of lightness, balls in the stomach or in the throat ease or disappear, the intestinal transit can settle, ebb gastric normalize, …
Due to the action on the nervous system, he can have an improvement on the management of the stress, the immunity, the hormonal balance there.It depends on the motive for your consultation and for what will have made the osteopath to remedy it.
It is this global and specific approach to every individual who allows us to favor in the body of the patient, the necessary conditions on the return to a balance convenient to the health in the cases of: gastric stomach pain, ebb, diarrheas and unexplained constipations, urinary infections repeated (cystites), disorders of the menstrual cycle or the menopause, ballonnements, hiatale hernia, enuresis, haemorrhoids, hépato-biliary disorders (liver and gall-bladder)...
A found nervous balance can favor a return in the normality in the cases of anxiety, temporary depressive states, sleeping disorders, as well as on the direct consequences of the stress: irritability, nervousness, fears, oppression, …
Why to consult an osteopath?
The osteopathy is often likened to the one who is going to handle the pains of back. But this definition is very too restrictive because indeed the possibility of osteopathic treatment and care are very wide Although your osteopath also handle the pains of back, the lumbago, the cervical, the stiff necks, he also looks after multiple zones. The osteopathytreat the pains due to a physical dysfunction, for example of the digestive system, genital and urinary systems, the musculoskeletal system... And many other mentioned below.Your osteopath approaches the following spheres: Skull:
Migraines, sleeping disorders, anxiety, facial neuralgias, pains of jaws, affected ORL, Arnold's neuralgias. Paralysis facial power plant ...Vertebral column:
Neck pains, dorsodynias, lumbago, stiff necks, sciatica, neuralgias cervico-brachial. Canal lumbar vertebra narrow, scoliosis...Lower and upper limbs:
Pains shoulders, elbows, wrists, syndrome of the carpal channel, the gluteal pains, gonalgies (pain knee), coxalgia (pain hip) sprains of ankle, heavy legs ...Visceral device:
Chronic constipations-diarrheas Ballonnement, ebb gastroenteritis - esophageal.Genito-urinary sphere:
Pains during the sexual intercourse, the articular disorders gynéco comment, followed by pregnancies, haemorrhoids.The Osteopathy thus takes care of the musculo-scrawny device:
The osteopathytreat the articular or muscular, vertebral pains of the whole column.
It intervenes even on nervous zones, neuralgias, sciatica ...
Tendinitis, treatment of ligaments, dislocations, sprains are taken care by the osteopathy also. As well as the joints (knees, elbows, ankles ...)Your osteopath intervenes on the disorders of digestive system
The digestive disorders are looked after by your osteopath, ballonnements, constipation, gases, diarrheas and acidities.
The osteopathyalso approach the gynecological disorders: painful rules(rulers), cystites, chronic urinary infections..The Osteopathy looks after the disorders of the cranial sphere and the ORL
You can also consult yourosteopath If you are subject to the migraines, to the dizzinesses, because he also masters the cranial techniques. Furthermore, with methods more elaborate,the osteopathy Also allows to cover pains and problems more organic as sinusitis. Disturb O.R.L. and of the head: Disorders of the jaw, the dizzinesses, the headaches, the migraines, the hummings or the whistlings of ears, otites, rhinitises or chronic sinusitis, ...Respiratory disorders
Asthma, bronchitises, coughs, allergies...Cardio-vascular disorders
Heavy legs, oedemas, haemorrhoids, hyper/hypotension, palpitations...The osteopathy as a precautionary measure:
A regular balance sheet(assessment) with one < strong style = " color:blue; " > osteopath < / strong > is necessary to prevent certain pains which could arise soon.
Pour venir à bout d'une douleur, quelques séances sont suffisantes, 3 à 5 par exemple, la plupart d'entre elles étant liées à un dysfonctionnement du schéma corporel.
The osteopath handles the functional disorders(confusions) which affect(allocate) the body by acting on the origin of these disorders(confusions) and not only on the symptoms which are the consequences.Specialities:
Sportsmen, seniors, children, women surrounding walls, babies.
The scope, if it is vast, is not for all that unlimited, but alone the diagnosis of a confirmed practitioner can put the indication of the osteopathic treatment or will know how to direct you to a more appropriate practice with regard to the affection.